Navaratri Festival, Navadurga – the Nine forms & avatars of Goddess Maa Durga’s Mantras, Prayer/Puja Vidhi Stotras, favourite foods and colors (Updated)
– list of 9 goddess durga avatars worshipped during navratri
The Navaratri festival nine days of ritual celebrations with special food and new clothes in a traditional manner. Navratri Nav- means nine and Ratri meaning nights and is celebrated in honors to express their devotion to the goddess of power, Durga. Goddess Durga defeated the demon king Mahishasura in a battle. The 9 avatars of Goddess Durga are worshipped during the nine days during the Navratri / Dussehra / Dasara is one of the major festivals celebrated for nine days throughout India. Navratri festival:
Day 1 – Goddess Maa Shailputri, Shailaputri Pooja:
Goddess Maa Shailputri is one of the Navadurgas and is worshipped on the first day of Navaratri. Shailaputri Devi hailed as nature’s mother and prayed for Maa Shailputri is hailed and prayed to as a mother nature to Maa Shailputri is hailed as mother nature and prayed to for achieving spiritual awakening. Shailaputri literally means the daughter of the Shaila, Mountain Putri.
The Term ‘Shila’ means rock or mountain and the second half ‘Putri’ refers to ‘daughter’. Maa Shailputri is also considered the goddess of the root chakra, which is evoked by meditation for spiritual awakening. Her home is Muladhara Chakra and she covers the whole atmosphere. The color to wear on the first day is Yellow. Devotees offer pure ghee on the first day of the Navaratri Celebration.
Mantra for Goddess Maa Shailputri:
ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Shailaputryai Namah
Prayer for Goddess Maa Shailputri:
वन्दे वाञ्छितलाभाय चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।
वृषारूढां शूलधरां शैलपुत्रीं यशस्विनीम्॥
Vande Vanchhitalabhaya Chandrardhakritashekharam
Vrisharudham Shuladharam Shailaputrim Yashasvinim
Ma Sailaputri the daughter of Himalaya surely,
For the achievement of desired, I adore Sailaputri,
Who made crescent-moon as a head-crown truly,
Is seated on an ox holds a trident and is glory.
Day 2 – Goddess Maa Brahmacharini, Brahmacharini Pooja:
Goddess Maa Brahmacharini means one who is committed to austerity. As Brahmacharini, she is worshipped in the unmarried form. Her governing planet is Mars (Mangal), the controller of fortunes. We honored her on the second day to seek her blessings for peace, virtue, and for prosperity. The color to wear on the first day is Green. Goddess Maa Brahmacharini is served as of sugar and fruits on the second day.
Mantra for Goddess Maa Brahmacharini:
ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Brahmacharinyai Namah
Prayer for Goddess Maa Brahmacharini:
दधाना कर पद्माभ्यामक्षमाला कमण्डलू।
देवी प्रसीदतु मयि ब्रह्मचारिण्यनुत्तमा॥
Dadhana Kara Padmabhyamakshamala Kamandalu
Devi Prasidatu Mayi Brahmacharinyanuttama
Ma Brahmacarini with a tapa of love gorgeously,
Holding in her hand an aks.mala, a garland of the rosary,
And kamandal in Her lotus-hand ever affectionately,
Who is unsurpassed — be gracious to me kindly.
Day 3 – Maa Chandraghanta, Chandraghanta Pooja:
Goddess Chandraghanta means a half-moon shaped like a bell. Maa Chandraghanta worshipped for peace and prosperity in life. Goddess Chandraghanta is dashabhuja or ten-handed, each one carrying some valuable item. She has a third eye on her forehead and stands for bravery. She Mounts on a tiger. The color to wear on the first day is Grey. Devi Chandraghanta is served kheer or sweets made from milk.
Mantra for Goddess Chandraghanta :
ॐ देवी चन्द्रघण्टायै नमः॥
Om Devi Chandraghantayai Namah
Prayer for Goddess Chandraghanta :
पिण्डज प्रवरारूढा चण्डकोपास्त्रकैर्युता।
प्रसादं तनुते मह्यम् चन्द्रघण्टेति विश्रुता॥
Pindaja Pravararudha Chandakopastrakairyuta
Prasadam Tanute Mahyam Chandraghanteti Vishruta
Ma Chandraghanta establishes justice ever virtuously,
Who has seated on the best among birds [Garuda] visibly,
Who is furious with anger and strength unquestionably,
Who is famous for saving from danger all her devotees.
Day 4 – Maa Kushmanda, Kushmanda Pooja:
Goddess Kushmanda is the fourth form of the mother goddess and is worshipped on the fourth day of Navaratri. Ku stands for little, Ushma – energy or warmth, Anda – cosmic.
She blesses her devotees with energy, power and guides them to take the right direction. The color to wear on the fourth day is Orange. People observe a fast on this day and offer Malpua as Prasadam.
Mantra for Goddess Kushmanda :
ॐ देवी कूष्माण्डायै नमः॥
Om Devi Kushmandayai Namah
Prayer for Goddess Kushmanda :
सुरासम्पूर्णकलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च।
दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे॥
Surasampurna Kalasham Rudhiraplutameva Cha
Dadhana Hastapadmabhyam Kushmanda Shubhadastu Me
Ma Kushmanda the Creator of the Universe purely,
Whose hands are ever holding two pots symbolically,
Filled with sura (elixir) and blood characteristically,
Who is famed — bestow your favor on me kindly.
Day 5 – Devi Skandamata, Skandamata Pooja:
The fifth aspect of the Mother Durga is known as Skanda Mata She is the mother of Skanda, Lord Kartikeya – the God of wars. Goddess Skandamata is also known as the Padmasana which stands for the lotus-seated. While praying to her, we automatically get the blessing of Lord Skanda, as he carrying lord Kartikeya in her lap. The color to wear on the fifth day is Orange. Devi Skandamata is offered bananas as a sign of good health.
Mantra for Goddess Skanda Mata:
ॐ देवी स्कन्दमातायै नमः॥
Om Devi Skandamatayai Namah
Prayer for Goddess Skanda Mata:
सिंहासनगता नित्यं पद्माञ्चित करद्वया।
शुभदास्तु सदा देवी स्कन्दमाता यशस्विनी॥
Simhasanagata Nityam Padmanchita Karadvaya
Shubhadastu Sada Devi Skandamata Yashasvini
Ma Skandamata discerns from right and wrong surely,
Who is permanently seated on the throne royally,
Whose two-hands are honored by lotuses prettily,
Who is glorious — bestows favor on me kindly.
Day 6 – Maa Katyayani, Katyayani Pooja:
The fifth aspect of Mother Durga is Katyayani Pooja. Katyayani was born to Kata as an avatar of Durga. According to Skanda Puranam, Goddess Katyayani came into being from the spontaneous anger of the gods to kill the demon Mahishasuran. She mounted on a lion that Goddess Parvati offered to her and killed Mahishasuran. The color to wear on the sixth day is Red. Maa Katyayani is served honey as a prasad that signifies sweetness.
Mantra for Goddess Katyayani Pooja:
ॐ देवी कात्यायन्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Katyayani Namah
Prayer for Goddess Katyayani Pooja:
कात्यायनी शुभं दद्याद् देवी दानवघातिनी॥
Katyayani Shubham Dadyad Devi Danavaghatini
Ma Katyayani battles against evil and deceitful entities,
Whose hands are white like moon-dazzle virtuously,
Who seated on a mighty-tiger, kills demons pitilessly,
May she bestow auspicious on me sympathetically.
Day 7 – Maa Kaalratri, Kaalratri Pooja:
Kaalraatri is the seventh form of Mother Durga. She is the destroyer of all demon entities, spirits, and negative energies. She holds a sparkling sword in her right hand to battle all the evil things. She is also known by the names Raudri and Dhumorna. The color to wear on the seventh day is Blue. Maa Kaalratri served jaggery as prasad on the seventh day.
Mantra for Goddess Kaalraatri:
ॐ देवी कालरात्र्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Kalaratryai Namah
Prayer for Goddess Kaalraatri:
एकवेणी जपाकर्णपूरा नग्ना खरास्थिता।
लम्बोष्ठी कर्णिकाकर्णी तैलाभ्यक्त शरीरिणी॥
वर्धन मूर्धध्वजा कृष्णा कालरात्रिर्भयङ्करी॥
Ekaveni Japakarnapura Nagna Kharasthita
Lamboshthi Karnikakarni Tailabhyakta Sharirini
Vardhana Murdhadhwaja Krishna Kalaratrirbhayankari
Ma Kaladatri destroyer of all the demon entities,
Goddess Kaladatri fierce in her appearance truly,
Resembles a black-lotus — her form and body,
Whose laugh is terrific — bestow favor kindly.
Day 8 – Maa Gauri, Gauri Pooja:
Maha Gauri is the eighth form of Durga Maa. She is an avatar of Devi Parvati, the divine consort of Lord Shiva. Maha Gauri is intelligent, peaceful, and calm.
She portrayed in white color clothes and mounted on a bull. The color to wear on the eighth day is Blue. She is offered coconut as prasad.
Mantra for Goddess Maha Gauri:
ॐ देवी महागौर्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah
Prayer for Goddess Maha Gauri:
श्र्वेते वृषे समारूढा श्र्वेताम्बरधरा शुचिः ।
महागौरी शुभं दद्यान्महादेवप्रमोददा ॥
Shwete Vrishesamarudha Shwetambaradhara Shuchih
Mahagauri Shubham Dadyanmahadeva Pramodada
Ma Mahagauri calm, kind existing peacefully,
Riding on a great white-elephant majestically,
In white-apparel, pure delights Mahadeva surely,
May she bestow auspicious on me serenely.
Day 9 – Maa Siddhidatri, Siddhidatri Pooja:
Siddhidatri is the ninth form of Durga Maa. The 9th form of Durga-Maa Siddhidatria
fulfills all the devotees’ divine aspirations. Siddhi means supernatural power or meditative ability. Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati’s Ardhanareshwar is connected with Siddhidatri, one side of Mahadev is goddess Siddhidatri and the other side is in the form of his Shakti, Durga. Goddess Siddhidhatri is served sesame seeds as prasad. The color to wear on the seventh day is Purple.
Mantra for Siddhidatri :
ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्र्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah
Prayer for Siddhidatri :
सेव्यमाना सदा भूयात् सिद्धीदा सिद्धीदायिनी ॥
Siddha Gandharva Yakshadyairasurairamarairapi
Sevyamana Sada Bhuyat Siddhida Siddhidayini
Ma Sidhidaaryni baths knowledge over her devotees,
Who is served by Siddha, celestial-bards reverently,
Apparitions, demons, and demi-gods respectfully,
May she bestow siddhi on me with supreme felicity.
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